Ketterle's Nobel Lecture Published

Titled "When atoms behave as waves: Bose-Einstein condensation and the atom laser," the lecture has been published in: Les Prix Nobel 2001 (The Nobel Foundation, Stockholm, 2002), pp. 118-154. An excerpt from Ketterle's introduction follows:

"This paper describes the discovery and study of Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC) in atomic gases from my personal perspective. Since 1995, this field has grown explosively, drawing researchers from the communities of atomic physics, quantum optics, and condensed matter physics. The trapped ultracold vapor has emerged as a new quantum system that is unique in the precision and flexibility with which it can be controlled and manipulated."

The complete lecture is on the web at As well, a photo of Ketterle being handed the award by King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden is at