Ketterle Group Presents Invited Talks on Molecular BEC

Molecular condensates could lead to a host of new scientific explorations, including studying quantum gases with anisotropic interactions, tests of fundamental symmetries such as the search for a permanent electric dipole moment, the study of rotational and vibrational energy transfer processes, and coherent chemistry, where reactants and products are in coherent quantum superposition states. Recently the Ketterle group at MIT has been invited to present talks describing their studies of the transition of 6Li atoms into molecular BEC states.

When a spin mixture of fermionic 6Li atoms is evaporatively cooled in an optical dipole trap near a Feshbach resonance, the atomic gas is converted into diatomic molecules. Below 600 nK, a Bose-Einstein condensate of up to 900,000 molecules was identified by the sudden onset of a bimodal density distribution (see photo). This BEC realizes the limit of tightly-bound fermion pairs in the crossover between BCS superfluidity and the BEC state.

Observation of Bose-Einstein condensation in a cold molecular gas.
Observation of Bose-Einstein condensation in a cold molecular gas. Shown are three single-shot absorption images after 6 milliseconds of ballistic expansion for progressively lower temperatures (left to right). The appearance of dark spots (the bimodal density distribution) marks the onset of BEC. The field of view for each image is 1.4 X 1.4 mm2.

These studies were reported at the March Meeting of the American Physical Society in Montreal as "Observation of Bose-Einstein Condensation of Molecules" and again at the Conference on Quantum Gases, Institute for Theoretical Physics (ITP) Santa Barbara, as "Condensation of pairs of fermionic lithium atoms below and above a Feshbach resonance."